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Junior ISAs /

Junior Stocks and Shares ISA

Invest up to £9,000 tax free for your child!

Investment ISAs put your capital at risk & you may get back less than you originally invested.

Junior Sustainable Stocks & Shares ISA

from Shepherds

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £10 pm
  • Investment Options: The fund aims to invest in sustainable companies that offer long-term growth, while making a positive difference to the world your child grows up in. Capital at risk.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from Hargreaves Lansdown

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £25 pm
  • Investment Options: Invest in over 3,000 funds, UK and overseas shares, investment trusts and ETFs. Capital at risk.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA (Future World ESG Developed Index Fund)

from Legal & General

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £25 per month
  • Investment Options: Invests in broad developed stock markets, such as the US, Japan and Europe. Capital at risk.

Junior Ethical Stocks & Shares ISA

from Nutmeg

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £100 lump sum
  • Investment Options: Nutmeg offer a socially responsible junior investment ISA which places emphasis on environmental and social and governance factors. Capital at risk.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from AJ Bell

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £25 pm
  • Investment Options: AJ Bell offer a wide range of investments including shares, funds, investment trusts and ETFs (exchange traded funds). Capital at risk.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from Interactive Investor

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £25 pm
  • Investment Options: Choose from more than 40,000 UK and global investment options for your child's ISA. Capital at risk.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from Nutmeg

  • Investment Options: Invest in one of four expertly designed portfolios depending on your investment style. Capital at risk.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from Beanstalk

  • Invest From: £10
  • Investment Options: Choose from two funds: a cash fund that aims to provide returns in line with money market rates and a shares fund that aims to track the performance of global stock markets.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from Wealthify

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £1
  • Investment Options: Choose from one of five investment styles based on risk, and a team of experts build your child’s Junior ISA, choosing which investments to buy and managing them on your behalf

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from Shepherds

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £10 pm
  • Investment Options: Is an insurance based Junior ISA which invests in stocks and shares via a With-Profits pooled fund. Capital at risk.

Junior Stocks & Shares ISA

from Scottish Friendly

Regular Savings
  • Invest From: £10 pm
  • Investment Options: A selection of 9 funds so you can tailor your child's investment. Capital at risk.

What are Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs?

Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs are tax-free investment accounts for children opened and managed by a parent or legal guardian.

Stocks and Shares JISAs invest in the stock market through funds, shares or other investment products.

They have the potential for excellent long-term growth returns in comparison to Junior Cash ISAs due to their access to the stock market. This is great for a child’s savings account as your money is usually invested for a long time compared to other accounts.

As they are ISAs, they are also the most tax-efficient way of saving for your child’s future.

How do Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs work?

Here is a list of the key features and rules and restrictions for the accounts to explain how they work:

  • JISAs must be opened by a parent or legal guardian
  • Once open, grandparents, friends or anybody else can add money to a child’s JISA
  • Only the parent or legal guardian who created the account can control the investments
  • You can invest a maximum of £9,000 for each child in the 2021/22 tax year
  • Children can only have one Stocks and Shares JISA account open, but they can have both a Cash JISA and a Stocks and Shares JISA open at once
  • Your child never has to pay income tax, dividend tax or capital gains tax (CGT) on their JISA investments
  • No withdrawals are permitted until your child is 18
  • At age 18, the JISA account transfers automatically into a standard ISA account and withdrawals are permitted

What do Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs invest in?

The investment options in a children’s Stocks and Shares ISA are very broad. You can invest in shares of companies directly, or in managed funds operating in a particular sector.

You can even invest in ready-made JISA portfolios controlled by investment professionals if you are willing to pay higher ongoing charges.

Here is a breakdown of the most common types of Junior Shares ISA investments:

Unit Trusts and OEICs (Open Ended Investment Companies)

These are managed funds, and work by grouping investors' money together and spreading it across multiple companies within a specific industry or sector.

For example, the Jupiter India Class X - Accumulation (GBP) Fund invests in around 65 Indian companies picked and monitored by a qualified fund manager at Jupiter Asset Management.

Accumulation’ means that dividends are automatically reinvested within the fund, whereas an ‘Income’ fund pays them out to investors.

Investment Trusts

Investment Trusts are also a form of managed fund but are structured as a company and listed on a live stock exchange. They pool your money together with other investors and purchase shares in companies they believe will perform well.

Shares

Shares represent a slice of a single company listed on a stock exchange. You can hold shares in multiple companies within a children’s Stocks and Shares ISA. These can range from large FTSE 100 companies like Coca-Cola, to smaller companies that you think have the potential to grow.

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)

ETFs are tracker funds that replicate the performance of a particular stock index, such as the FTSE 100.

ETFs do not require any expertise or investment strategy, so the charges are considerably lower. You pick a sector or market to track, and the ETF replicates the exact holdings of that market to mirror its performance.

Ready-made portfolios

If you are not comfortable picking shares or funds yourself you can buy a ready-made portfolio in your Junior Stocks and Shares ISA that’s monitored by a team of investment professionals.

Ready-made portfolios are graded by risk level, and they are monitored daily by the portfolio managers.

However, you pay higher charges for these portfolios due to their high running costs.

Is the performance of Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs worth it?

The performance of your Stocks and Shares Junior ISA depends on the investments you choose to hold within it.

In general, stock markets go up over the long term. However, they will always experience periods of volatility over the short term and could even crash in the wake of significant global events.

Here are some top tips on getting the most out of your Stocks and Shares JISA investments:

1. Diversify your portfolio

Do not put all your eggs in one basket. Investing in one single company is risky, no matter how confident you are in its potential. You never truly know what is going on behind the scenes or in the wider industry they operate in.

Investing in multiple funds, shares and ETFs covering different markets and sectors means your portfolio is less likely to lose significant value if one of your investments performs badly.

2. Invest for the long term

Investing for your child is a great way to get the most out of stock market returns as you will probably invest your money for a long time.

Five to ten plus years is a good amount of time for stock market investments to grow. They will go through periods of losing value – all investments do – but they have a good chance of steadily growing over many years.

3. Keep things simple

When you have decided on the makeup of your investment portfolio, try not to change it too much.

Chopping and changing your investments regularly could incur dealing fees from your JISA provider that outweigh the better performance you get from changing your investments.

That’s not to say you can’t make any changes at all, but have faith in the long-term performance of your investments and don’t panic if they go through short term losses.

It is almost impossible to predict very short-term price fluctuations – even professionals get it wrong – so focus on your long-term investment goals.

Which is the best Junior Stocks and Shares ISA provider?

Self-select JISAs

If you are picking your Stocks and Shares JISA investments yourself, then there are a range of JISA providers to choose from.

Most of these providers offer the same funds and shares on their platform as they are universal to the stock market, so choosing the best JISA provider comes down to other key factors:

  • Do they offer the investments you want to buy?
  • What is their Annual Management Charge?
  • What other ad hoc charges apply, e.g., dealing fees?
  • How good are their customer service ratings?
  • What investment research and insight do they provide?
  • Is their app and online platform easy to use and highly rated?

Some JISA platforms charge higher fees than others, but it’s important to consider why this might be.

Are they investing in their customer service teams? Are they investing in developing and updating their platforms and providing original investment research?

Perhaps you don’t care about the above factors and just want the cheapest Stocks and Shares JISA available. Try to consider what your investment goals and needs are, and pick the best Junior Stocks and Shares ISA provider for you.

Ready-made portfolio JISAs

If you want your money controlled by portfolio managers, then you probably aren’t too concerned with investment research and dealing fees.

If you’re choosing a ready-made portfolio JISA, consider the following instead:

  • Are the investment managers trusted and qualified?
  • What are the Annual Management Charges?
  • Do they offer a risk profile to suit you?
  • Is the portfolio rebalanced to keep its risk level accurate?

Are Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs a good idea?

Stocks and Shares JISAs make a lot of sense as a product as long as you are happy with the account restrictions:

  • You can’t withdraw money until your child is 18
  • Once they are 18, they control their ISA and can withdraw as much as they want without your permission
  • You could lose money on your investments, especially in the short term
  • You can’t open them for a grandchild – you must be the parent or legal guardian, although you can still make contributions to a JISA once it is open
  • You can only save up to £9,000 per tax year

Can a Grandparent open a Junior Stocks and Share ISA?

If you’re a grandparent, you may wish to consider some alternatives to Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs.

A Stocks and Shares JISA cannot be opened or controlled by a grandparent. However, you can contribute to your grandchild’s existing JISA if you know their account reference number.

This means that you can add money to their Junior ISA, but you can’t decide where it is invested unless you have a personal agreement with the parent who controls the account.

You also can’t control when your grandchild withdraws their money from a Stocks and Shares JISA once they are over 18.

What are some alternatives for Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs?

Bare Trusts

Another child savings option is to open a General Investment Account (GIA) for your child or grandchild and put it into a Bare Trust. Ensuring the child is the sole beneficiary of the Bare Trust means that they are entitled to the investments but only when you see fit.

They can be opened and controlled by any relative, including grandparents.

You can hold the funds back for a specific reason for your child, like a house purchase or paying for education fees.

There is also no limit on how much you invest compared to the £9,000 per year with a Junior Stocks and Shares ISA.

However, there are no tax-benefits with a Bare Trust.

The trust is liable for tax so the beneficiary needs to declare income, dividends and capital gains on their tax return once they turn 18.

Junior SIPPs

Junior SIPPs also have to be opened by a parent or legal guardian. As with children's ISAs, grandparents can contribute to a Junior SIPP but cannot open or control the account.

Key Features:

  • 20% government tax relief for contributions (up to £3,600 gross per year for children who do not earn an income)
  • Tax-free dividends and capital gains
  • Can invest in Stocks and Shares
  • No withdraws until legal retirement age (at least age 57 from 2028)
  • Withdrawals are taxable after the first 25% tax-free cash
Oliver Roylance-Smith
Edited by Oliver Roylance-Smith - ISA.co.uk

Frequently Asked Questions

You can top up a Junior Shares ISA online, via your mobile app, over the phone, or by post with a cheque.

You can add money with a lump sum or regular direct debit.

£9,000. This is the maximum that can be added to a child’s JISA in the current tax year.

Yes, your investment can increase and decrease in value.

No withdrawals are allowed until your child is 18. They can then make withdrawals at their own discretion.

Your child’s Stocks and Shares JISA will automatically transfer to a standard Stocks and Shares ISA account in their name.

A child can have one Junior Cash ISA and one Junior Stocks and Shares ISA. You cannot exceed the annual allowance of £9,000 between these two accounts combined. They can also only have one of each type of account.

Junior Stocks and Shares ISAs are regulated by the Financial Condict Authority (FCA) and covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS).

You are not protected from losses in the value of your investments, but you are covered if your Stocks and Shares JISA provider goes into liquidation. 

GUIDE TO JUNIOR ISAS

Give your child a great start in life

Junior ISAs are a popular way for family and friends to build up tax-efficient savings and investments for eligible children to help them with the cost of university, provide a deposit for a house or simply give them a great start in life.

This guide explains what a Junior ISA is, the rules and:

  1. The age limit for Junior ISAs
  2. How much can I invest in a Junior ISA?
  3. The tax benefits of investing in a Junior ISA
  4. Who can open a Junior ISA

Get a FREE Guide to Junior ISAs »

Important Risk Information:

Important: Investments can go down in value as well as up, so your child could get back less than you invest. The information on this page isn't personal advice - if you’re not sure if an investment is right for you or your child, please ask for advice. ISA tax rules can change and their benefits depend on individual circumstances.

Lifetime ISAs

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Invest for your child’s future

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Invest tax-free in stocks and shares 

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Latest News

5 Considerations for Your Next Investment ISA

15th March 2021

You've decided to invest your savings into a Stocks and Shares ISA. You'll be using your tax-free ISA allowance for this year before the deadline, while also investing your money for your future. But what do you need to consider before opening an account? We've put together a list of our top five considerations for you to think about before you click "apply". 

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