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Mar 2020

ISA vs SIPPs: Which is Right For Me?

ISA vs SIPPs: Which is Right For Me?

Saving for retirement? You want to make your money work for you long-term. You’ll also want to be making the most of your tax allowances year-on-year. So, which is better for you: an ISA or a SIPP? 

For long-term savers, you’ll be looking for the account which will give you the best long-term returns on your money to save for your retirement.

The best choice for you could be an ISA, or an SIPP – or even both, if you have the cash.

To make it easy for you to make an informed choice, we’ve broken down what each of these accounts offer, so you can judge which of these might suit you and your retirement savings.

What’s an ISA?

An ISA is an individual savings account – which allows you to put your money in a tax-free wrapper. There are various different kinds of ISAs which might suit different needs and stages of life. When it comes to retirement savings, you’ll want to be looking at Lifetime ISAs and Stocks and Shares ISAs.

What’s a Lifetime ISA?

Lifetime ISA (LISA) is a specific form of ISA which is designed to help people save for life events such as buying your first home and retirement. These are available for UK citizens aged between 18-40. There are options within the LISA umbrella, so you can have Stocks and Shares LISAs or Cash LISAs.

You can pay £4000 into a lifetime ISA each year, which the government will pay you a 25% bonus on – which means you have the potential to earn £1000 tax-free in a bonus from the government each year.

This 25% bonus will continue until you are 50.

The £4000 limit counts towards your overall ISA allowance for a tax year – so if you use the whole of your Lifetime ISA allowance, you’ll have £16,000 allowance remaining for other ISA accounts.

Can I access my money?

Yes, but only once you turn 60. At this point you can withdraw your funds without paying any tax or penalty fees. The only other time you can withdraw these funds is when you are buying your first home. If you want to withdraw the money before you’re 60th birthday for any purpose other than buying your first home, you’ll usually face a 25% charge from the government.

What’s a Stocks and Shares ISA?

A Stocks and Shares ISA (sometimes known as an Investment ISA) does what it says on the tin – it’s an ISA where you can make investments.

This is a way for you to invest in funds via a platform, meaning you can hold many different kinds of investments in one place. These are in a tax-free ‘wrapper’ which means that you do not pay capital gains tax or any taxes on returns (interest, dividends or income) from your investments.

This can make your investments easy to manage, and offers a bit more flexibility than a SIPP. 

Can I access my money? 

Some Investment ISAs may allow you to take your money out which depends on the platform, so make sure you check this before opening an Investment ISA. 

The limit you can put into an ISA account changes each tax year. You can only open one type of each ISA each year, and the current limit you can put into an ISA for tax year 2019/2020 is £20,000.

What’s a SIPP?

This is a Self-Invested Personal Pension; it’s a type of pension where you can make your own personal investment choices.

Similarly to ISAs, the returns you make on a SIPPs are tax-free, and have an annual limit on how much you can put into these.

This is known as an annual pension contribution allowance – for the majority of people this is £40,000 per year.

What about tax?

With these types of pensions, you get a ‘top up’ from the Government (called tax relief) – the amount of which will generally depend on the band of income tax you are in.

If you’re a basic rate taxpayer, you’ll get 20% tax relief on SIPP contributions. For those in the higher-rate taxpayer bands could get a further 20% relief additionally, and for those who are in the additional rate taxpayer band you could reclaim an additional 20%. This makes a SIPP an excellent option for higher-rate tax payers.

One key consideration is the amount of money you can put in every tax year and still receive tax allowance.

You can only contribute the amount of money you earn every tax year. So if you earn £20,000 each tax year then you can only contribute £20,000 in order to receive tax relief. If you contribute more than this (perhaps due to inheritance, bonuses etc.)

Can I access my money in a SIPP?

If you put your funds into a SIPP, your money will be locked away until you are retired. Currently, this means you generally won’t be able to access your money until you are 55 – although those who retire after 2028 will not be able to access their money until they are 57.

Once you’re 55 you’ll be able to withdraw 25% of you pensions savings tax-free, but if you withdraw more than a 25% chunk then this will be subject to income tax. 

Read more about Stocks and Shares ISAs and view our rates table.

Read more about Lifetime ISAs and view our rates table. 

Selected ISAs

Stocks & Shares ISAs

from Legal & General

Allows ISA Transfers
Regular Savings
  • Fund Choice: Choose from 50+ L&G funds including low cost index tracker funds, multi asset, fixed income, property & equity funds. Alternatively let L&G managed your funds for you based on your risk profile.
  • Invest From: £20 per month or £100 single

Why we like it: Legal & General can help you save for a brighter future with their stocks and shares ISA. Choose from over 50 funds, including ready-made investment options that spread your money across different investments for you and sustainable funds that seek to make a positive difference without compromising financial returns. Please remember with investments, your capital is at risk, the value of your investment and any income from it may fall as well as rise and is not guaranteed. You may get back less than you invest.

Important: Please remember the value of your investment and any income from it may fall as well as rise and is not guaranteed. You may get back less than you invest.

Investment Fund Supermarket ISAs

Stocks & Shares ISA

from Fidelity

Allows ISA Transfers
  • Protection Scheme: FSCS
  • Fund Choice: Select from over 4,000 funds. Large selection of UK shares. Investment trusts, ETFs and investment portfolios put together by experts.
  • Invest From: £25 per month or lump sum from £1,000

Why we like it: Investment choice from over 100 fund providers, giving you access to 4,000+ funds. Great service – from investment guidance on website through to UK-based phones team. PathFinder, Select 50, Investment Finder - investing tools for beginners to advanced investors. 24/7 access via online Account Management system.

Important: The value of your investments can rise as well as fall. You may get back less than you invested. If you’re unsure, we recommend you ask for independent advice.

Important Risk Information:

The value of investments can go down in value as well as up, so you could get back less than you invest. It is therefore important that you understand the risks and commitments. This website aims to provide information to help you make your own informed decisions. It does not provide personal advice based on your circumstances. If you are unsure of how suitable an investment is for you, please seek personal advice.

High Income ISAs

High income ISA ideas:

ISAs Products

Cash ISAs

Fixed Rate & Instant Access ISAs:

Cash ISAs: 

Stocks & Shares ISAs

Types of Stocks and Shares ISA include: 

Stocks and Shares ISAs

Latest News

Our Top Picks for Technology Stocks and Shares ISAs

19th January 2021

The tech industry has been booming for the past fifteen years; and it seems to be a rollercoaster that only goes up. The tech bubble has yet to burst, with companies coming out with more and more technological developments and consumer demand is certainly not slowing down. So, for the tech-savvy investor who wants to put their pennies behind this strong growing industry, we’ve put together our top three picks for Technology Stocks and Shares ISAs. 

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